The 28th Alaska State Legislature, 2013 - 2014||
Sponsor Statement: House Bill 83
Federal Laws & Executive Orders
|Signed Into Law! Chapter 53 SLA 13|
Sponsored by Rep. Wes Keller
Co-Sponsors: Rep. Stoltze, Rep. Saddler, Rep. Millett, Rep. Lynn, Rep. Johnson, Rep. Higgins, Rep. Thompson, Rep. Gattis, Rep. Isaacson, Rep. Wilson, Rep. Olson, Rep. Chenault, Rep. Austerman, Rep. Gruenberg, Rep. Hughes, Rep. Reinbold, Rep. LeDoux, Rep. Tuck, Rep. Pruitt, Sen. Micciche, Sen. Dyson, Sen. Bishop, Sen. MacKinnon, Sen. Giessel
“An Act relating to certain federal statutes, regulations, presidential executive orders and actions, and secretarial orders and actions; relating to the duties of the attorney general; and providing for an effective date.”
Posted: January 22, 2013 : v28-LS0328-U
Bill Version: CSHB 83(JUD)
Status: Chapter 53 SLA 13 : 2013-06-20
HB 83 clarifies in Alaska Statute that a federal statute, regulation, presidential executive order, or secretarial order that is not properly adopted or is unconstitutional does not preempt state law. The Attorney General will continue to review and report federal statute, regulation, presidential executive order, or secretarial orders that appear to have not been properly adopted. Under HB 83 those reports will be forwarded to the legislature for consideration.
HB 83 presumes Alaska Legislative interest in an important legal process called "nullification". Nullification is when a state 'nullifies' a federal law, proclaiming it to be void and inoperative, or 'non-effective' within the boundaries of that state. In other words it is not a law as far as that state is concerned. In HB 83 a negative review by the Attorney General would generate an alert to our Judiciary Committees so nullification legislation can be considered.
There has been disagreement regarding nullification going back to the late eighteenth century. Not surprisingly, federal courts have often leaned toward favoring federal power over state sovereignty in spite of the fact that our founding fathers clearly intended otherwise. Federalism is our historically unique and profound arrangement where sovereign and separate states got together and carefully designed a central government with limited powers. It is an illogical perversion of one of our most important founding principles to presume states must comply with unconstitutional federal language. HB 83 presumes a proper State responsibility to uphold and protect our constitution.
HB 83 is intended to provide important information to the Alaska State Legislature by tapping the expertise and evaluation of our Attorney General. Certainly the legislature has a responsibility to consider its response whenever there is question of constitutionality of a federal statute, or the process involved in regulation, presidential executive order, or secretarial order.